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F18ht mast on I-20 #252899
10/01/12 09:57 AM
10/01/12 09:57 AM
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Greenville SC
bacho Offline OP
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I am considering trying to use a HT mast on my I-20. I read that the HT mast would need to be beefed up to live on the 20. What are the more experienced thoughts about this? I would love to take an opportunity to put a lighter mast on the boat, but I would rather not have something that would be on the verge of breaking with the extra heft of the 20.

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Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252901
10/01/12 11:37 AM
10/01/12 11:37 AM
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Im no expert but I've spent a lot of time on both boats. The HT weighs maybe 2/3rds(or less) of the 20, I think the rig is taller too. My guess is that the ht mast would snap like a twig. It is wayyyy lighter than the 20 mast. Is your 20 mast one of the old carbon ones or a new aluminum one?

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: I20RI] #252905
10/01/12 01:38 PM
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Jake Offline
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Originally Posted by I20RI
Im no expert but I've spent a lot of time on both boats. The HT weighs maybe 2/3rds(or less) of the 20, I think the rig is taller too. My guess is that the ht mast would snap like a twig. It is wayyyy lighter than the 20 mast. Is your 20 mast one of the old carbon ones or a new aluminum one?


The I20 mast was very old carbon technology and far heavier than it was robust. Over what it was tasked with originally, you're really only asking the HT mast to carry a jib and cart around another 125 lbs of boat. It would probably be more sensitive to mistakes but I bet it would survive.


Jake Kohl
Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: Jake] #252911
10/01/12 03:48 PM
10/01/12 03:48 PM
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Originally Posted by Jake
Over what it was tasked with originally, you're really only asking the HT mast to carry a jib and cart around another 125 lbs of boat.


You must have very skinny crew!


Jay

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252915
10/01/12 04:28 PM
10/01/12 04:28 PM
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F18HT was designed for 2 up. I know us N20 crews tend to be larger but still...if an A-Cat mast can handle my fat bottom surely a F18HT mast can?


Scorpion F18
Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252926
10/01/12 09:58 PM
10/01/12 09:58 PM
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Does a mast care how much weight is attachted to the bottom of it?

What if you stepped it to a dock and sheeted it in? Would it snap instantly? The dock is never going to move...

I think it cares how much sail you put up on it, so you may want to also use a F18HT main, no jib and an F18HT spin instead of an I20 sailplan.


Blade F16
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Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252929
10/02/12 04:06 AM
10/02/12 04:06 AM

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Masts most definately care the weight of the boat they are attached to.

When designing a mast the most important input is the righting moment and yes if you step your mast on a dock and sheet it on in conditions that would normally make you fly a hull when on trapeze you will almost certainly break it. The only time this is not the case is where the builder as run into a minimum practical thickness limit and as just has had to build a stronger than desired mast.


Last edited by Scarecrow; 10/02/12 04:07 AM.
Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252931
10/02/12 06:00 AM
10/02/12 06:00 AM
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Where would the "Load" be focused, and where would it snap, if you stepped it on a dock and sheeted it in? At the hounds? Or at the spreader attach point? Or would it crumple? How about if you put zero downhaul on it, would it still break, and where?

Most of the masts I've seen break were rolled up in the surf or over-downauled and then side loaded by some other force being added, ie. crew falling on it in a capsize, or the mast hits something on the way over, ie. a mark, or the water, hard. I'm sure you can 'overload' any mast, buy hanging say, five 200lb. guys on trap wires off a mast built for only two trappers, but that would be caused by the downforce of the 1000lbs. hanging down from the trap wire attach point, right? What force does the base add, and why does it care?


Blade F16
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Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252932
10/02/12 06:19 AM
10/02/12 06:19 AM

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Where it breaks would depend on the mast and how it is engineered and built, but realistically it will either deform due to increased compression or at the hounds.

The masts you have seen break are on the boats they were designed for. Would you put an A class mast on an F18?

Back to the original question:
Can you put a 18HT mast on an I20? Calculate the total righting moment ( boat weight x half beam + crew weight x ( beam + 3')) if they're within a reasonable tollerance ( say 15%) you're probably good to go but you've eaten into your safety factor.

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252934
10/02/12 06:30 AM
10/02/12 06:30 AM
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I think if you put and A cat mast on an F18, and only put an A cat sail on it, no jib, no spin, and only one trap wire with only one sailor on it, it would be fine. You may not go very fast, as the F18 is a 'Dock' compared to a light A cat hull, and the A cat sailplan doesn't have the horse power of the F18 sailplan, but I don't see where the mast is going to care what it's attached to, at the bottom. If you keep the same amount of stay tension on the mast when you step it on the F18, as it had on the A cat, how would the mast even know what it was attached to?


Blade F16
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Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: Timbo] #252939
10/02/12 06:59 AM
10/02/12 06:59 AM
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Originally Posted by Timbo
Where would the "Load" be focused, and where would it snap, if you stepped it on a dock and sheeted it in? At the hounds? Or at the spreader attach point? Or would it crumple? How about if you put zero downhaul on it, would it still break, and where?

Most of the masts I've seen break were rolled up in the surf or over-downauled and then side loaded by some other force being added, ie. crew falling on it in a capsize, or the mast hits something on the way over, ie. a mark, or the water, hard. I'm sure you can 'overload' any mast, buy hanging say, five 200lb. guys on trap wires off a mast built for only two trappers, but that would be caused by the downforce of the 1000lbs. hanging down from the trap wire attach point, right? What force does the base add, and why does it care?


A lighter platform will lift and pivot as the rig loads up (or pitchpole)...that reduces the wind angle and the loading on the mast. The compression increases on the mast as the boat and sailors get heavier.


Jake Kohl
Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252942
10/02/12 07:46 AM
10/02/12 07:46 AM
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As I asked earlier; if you keep all the loads the same, same stay tension, same sails, same crew wt. etc. how does the mast know what it's attached to?

I submit that it doesn't.

The amount of lift generated by an A cat rig on an I20 platform may not fly the hull, but it won't just snap because it's on an I 20.

If it breaks on one boat, vs. another, you must have added more stress to it. So, how did you add that?

If you add a jib and a spinnaker to any A cat, the mast is not going to like it. If you do the same with a F18HT mast, it's not going to like it.

But those loads you added were up the mast, not at the base.

Wooter....! Splain it to them!

The act of flying a hull would relieve some stress, but if you put five 200lb. guys sitting on an A cat, not trapping, just sitting on the upwind hull, would the rig snap? No, you must overload it first by adding more...Wind. If the hull can't fly to relieve the added lift from more wind, then you have a problem.

You could argue that if you take an I20 with an A cat rig out in 30knots of wind, the mast will snap, but that's because the (heavier) I20 platform didn't fly a hull to relieve stress, as soon as the A cat would have, and that has allowed you to add more stress to the rig.

I doubt it would be a problem if you put the F18HT mast on the I20, as long as you also use the F18HT sail plan, ie. no jib, smaller spinnaker. I also doubt the I20 will be as fast as it would be, using it's own sail plan.

I'd love to hear from someone who actually knows what they are talking about, like Ben Hall and/or Pete Melvin, regarding mast design for hull wt. etc. I think it comes down to compression loading, as to how much weight you can hang on the trapeze, how much downhaul, and how much main sheet and forestay tension you put on the mast.


Blade F16
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Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: Timbo] #252952
10/02/12 08:43 AM
10/02/12 08:43 AM
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Originally Posted by Timbo
As I asked earlier; if you keep all the loads the same, same stay tension, same sails, same crew wt. etc.


Don't forget rig geometry. The angles of the shrouds to the mast affect compression loads. The height of the attach point on the mast and distance from the base of the mast to the attach points on the hulls fore/aft and port/starboard should be the same.

The stiffness of the mast will have an impact. As the mast "bows" out, the loads are no longer pure compression.

I don't know much about the designers of the 18HT. They probably designed it to some load case with a 50-100% margin and then tested it to the design case. The problem is I don't know what that case is. Some boats are designed to stouter than others. I remember a picture of a TheMightyHobie18 from testing. There were reaching with ~6 people on the boat with wind blowing solid whitecaps, to see if anything would break.

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: Timbo] #252960
10/02/12 09:10 AM
10/02/12 09:10 AM
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Originally Posted by Timbo
As I asked earlier; if you keep all the loads the same, same stay tension, same sails, same crew wt. etc. how does the mast know what it's attached to?

I submit that it doesn't.

....

You could argue that if you take an I20 with an A cat rig out in 30knots of wind, the mast will snap, but that's because the (heavier) I20 platform didn't fly a hull to relieve stress, as soon as the A cat would have, and that has allowed you to add more stress to the rig.



You just explained it yourself as well as I could. Added to which, the I20 carries more sail area.

For the same reason you put your rig at risk by putting five large guys on an a-cat while it's blowing 20, an a-cat mast trying to support an I20 sail area and typical crewing weight would be asked to do more than it was designed for...and it would likely break.


Jake Kohl
Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252967
10/02/12 09:36 AM
10/02/12 09:36 AM
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I'd like to hear from Ben or some other mast builder as to the designed strength of masts, if there is some 'magic formula' as to how much sail area and or downforce (cunningham, trapping wt. etc.) they use to decide how strong to build the masts.

I doubt if any beach cat mast would break based soley on the lift being generated by the sail itself, no matter what the wind strength.

I think what causes masts to break (other than flipping the boat onto them) is the compression force of trapping, added to the backward bend caused by mainsheet tension, and foreward pull of the forestay and/or spinnker.

Still, I haven't seen too many masts break under sail forces alone, only when the crew lands on them or they roll in the surf.


Blade F16
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Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252994
10/02/12 01:52 PM
10/02/12 01:52 PM
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Greenville SC
bacho Offline OP
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If the mast was to reinforced, how and where would you do it?

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: bacho] #252996
10/02/12 02:13 PM
10/02/12 02:13 PM
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As Scarecrow says, it depends on righting moment. The mast has to support not only the two guys on the wire but also the flying hull (which for sure is heavier on the I20) via the shrould. On top of it you have to add the main sheet load (~50kg x 7 or 8) which pulls the mast down and aft and the resulting downward force of the forestays, which keeps the mast in position (a bit more than the load from the main sheet). The downhaul will add additional downforce and bending, but this is fairly comparable between the two boats.
You can pull the main sheet harder on the boat with the high righting moment (as the light boat will fly one hull earlier), hence the higher loads.

A mast fails due to compression and bending, a special buckling case. Constant material and thickness sections will fail around the spreaders. A carbon mast has most likely more material at the spreaders, hence it might fail somewhere else.

The formula given above should fair enough to estimate how much higher the loads could be. If the mast can handle this, is an other question.

Cheers,

Klaus

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: Smiths_Cat] #253012
10/02/12 05:39 PM
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Add another set or two of spreaders?

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: Timbo] #253015
10/02/12 07:49 PM
10/02/12 07:49 PM

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Originally Posted by Timbo
I'd like to hear from Ben or some other mast builder as to the designed strength of masts, if there is some 'magic formula' as to how much sail area and or downforce (cunningham, trapping wt. etc.) they use to decide how strong to build the masts.

I doubt if any beach cat mast would break based soley on the lift being generated by the sail itself, no matter what the wind strength.

I think what causes masts to break (other than flipping the boat onto them) is the compression force of trapping, added to the backward bend caused by mainsheet tension, and foreward pull of the forestay and/or spinnker.

Still, I haven't seen too many masts break under sail forces alone, only when the crew lands on them or they roll in the surf.


Timbo, you usually come across as a pretty sensible and switched on guy, but you really need to step away from this thread. Every one of the loads you have defined above is related to the righting moment.

"compression force of trapping" clearly part of righting moment (don't forget same force from side stays).

"mainsheet tension" you apply mainsheet tension to hold the leach of your sail up. Your leach opens up because of the force of the sails, the luff is held closed by the mast (which is held up by the righting moment) and as a result you tension the main to get a similar amount of support. The as such the mainsheet tension is proposional to the available righting moment.

"foreward pull of the forestay" see above plus add in tension as applied to offset mainsheet tension.

"foreward ..... spinnker" drive from kite is clearly proporsional to righting moment.

etc etc etc.

There are many of examples of keel boats adding ballast to their keels in some cases making the boat lighter by taking it out of the bilge making no changes to the rig or sails then breaking the mast in their first serious race after making the change. A great example of this is the 98' yacht Wild Thing, which lengthened its keel and reduced the bulb size shortly before the 2009 Hobart. Having made no rig changes from the way the boat had been rigged for previous years (in fact using old delivery sails) they proceeded to break their mast on the delivery to Sydney for the race.

As stated above the first step in designing a mast is to calculate righting moment as this effects two things the compression on the mast from stays and trap wires and the side force the mast will see from sails as the total side force will only every be equal to the righting moment that stops the boat from heeling over.

See if you can find a copy of "Principles of Yacht Design", Larssone & Eliasson their is a good section on rig design.

As I said above there are practical limits on how thin you can build a mast but as this is a carbon mast the practical limit is about 1/100 of an inch and that definately won't do the job so won't have been an issue in the 18HT rig.

Sail7seas, yes another set of spreaders will help as you are reducing the unsupported lengths and therefor making the mast less likely to buckle, but who wants multiple spreaders on a beach cat?

Timbo, if you're still not convinced rig your boat on the beach, strap it down tight pull on the sails and come back after a week to see what went first.

Re: F18ht mast on I-20 [Re: ] #253021
10/03/12 03:40 AM
10/03/12 03:40 AM
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Spreaders.. Who wants spreaders at all smile

Look at this nice mast. Originally the moulds were designed for the Formula28-XOZ but now re-used to build a spreaderless wingmast for a Farrier 22.

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-a8bdJHlpC...h6yj_2cvhE/s1600/2012-05-25+22.50.28.jpg

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-cY7CZvzvF...WHC9uIvIp8/s1600/2012-05-26+02.10.14.jpg



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